ALTERNATIVES TO VIOLENCE PROJECT
AVP is an organisation of volunteers offering experiential workshops that empower
individuals to liberate themselves and others from the burden of violence
The Alternatives to Violence Project - AVP
A national and international movement for peace.
AVP began in New York in 1975 when
a group of prisoners asked Quakers to help them learn alternatives to the violence
which was all they knew. It was soon recognised that mainstream society also
needed to learn peaceful ways of living, and so community workshops began to
run parallel with those in prisons.
AVP now works its culture of peace
on 6 continents. AVP is active in many different countries of the world including
England, Scotland and Ireland, throughout the United States, in Russia, Georgia,
Macedonia, Hungary, Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, in Columbia, Nicaragua, Costa
Rica and Brazil, in South Africa, Nigeria, and Uganda, in India and Aotearoa/New
Zealand and some Pacific islands. AVP is active in all Australian states and
in the ACT. At present AVP is being established in Ghana, Rwanda, and Belarus.
AVP has become a resource not only
for experiential understanding the nature of violence and its realistic alternatives
but also for discovering. or rediscovering. the spirit of hope and community
which lies at the heart of a nonviolent way of life.
What is AVP?
AVP's objective is to build community,
initially through offering experiential workshops to both prison and many different
types of community groups. Each workshop becomes a community where participants
feel safe, valued and respected and where individual needs for time-out and
privacy are honoured.
The heart of AVP:
AVP starts from the experience of
fundamental goodness in everyone and of an experience of a power to transform
and the motivation of its facilitators. The program runs on a realistic trust
of this goodness in everyone.
What AVP terms "Transforming
Power" provides the context for AVP's structure and agenda. "Transforming
Power" is not dogma nor is it an item of faith. It is simply a term to
refer to something that participants often experience when they respect themselves,
care for others, seek a nonviolent path, think before reacting, or expect the
A Culture of Peace and Trust:
AVP attempts to create a culture
of peace and trust through the principles of respect and caring for self and
others, through thinking before reacting, through seeking a nonviolent path
and, in all things, expecting the best. Play and humour are regarded as indispensable.
AVP's aim is empowerment to live
life nonviolently. In a society where many different cultures co-exist side
by side it is not possible for AVP to determine what is or is not violent. AVP,
therefore, encourages each group to determine this for themselves and offers
a range of alternative skills in order to increase peoples choices in responding
to situations of violence.
Community workshops are usually
20 hours in duration and are usually held over a weekend, with the first few
hours beginning on a Friday evening "after work", so that participants
get home at a reasonable hour on Sunday night. (30 hour workshops over 3 full
days is also an option). Workshop participants work in the large group, small
groups, pairs and individually.
Two Levels of Workshops:
AVP offers two workshop levels -
the Basic and the Second Level - to prisons and community groups of all types.
Workshops are tailored to meet the needs of the group:
* Basic Level involves an introduction to the "building-blocks"
* Second Level involves a deepening of understanding of AVP practices
and principles, understanding and practising effective consensus decision making
skills, and choosing as a group to work from a wide selection of focus topics.
These include, among others, such issues as conflict resolution, communication,
affirmation. Transforming Power, anger, grief, loss, forgiveness, stereotyping,
AVP "Building Blocks":
Through workshops initially, AVP shares skills which promote understanding
of such principles, through the practices of affirmation, community building,
communication, cooperation, empathy and conflict resolution. These are
sometimes referred to as the "building blocks of AVP", for they
are also the building blocks of effective community.
Experiential Nature of AVP
AVP's approach is experiential,
making AVP uniquely adaptable across social, economic, educational and cultural
differences. There is no need for notebooks and pencils for no teaching or theory
is offered in the workshop. Participants "learn" through participating.
In some parts of the world, bilingual AVP workshops have been given. The AVP
manuals have been translated into several different languages and, in some parts
of the world, notably Aotearoa NZ, and Nigeria, AVP has been adapted by the
indigenous people to strengthen fractured culture and preserve the dignity of
Although skilled and professional
in approach, AVP facilitators regard themselves as co-learners and co-teachers
along with the participants. Any one can become an AVP facilitator. Sometimes,
however, it is clear that there is "too much going on" in someone's
life at a particular time for them to be a clear and uncluttered AVP facilitator
- at that time. Such discernment should not be seen as a reflection on
a person's ability or potential as a facilitator. Indeed, the positive, creative
and nonviolent ways that person chooses to integrate those life experiences
may contribute to a much greater suitability for them to become an AVP facilitator
in the future.
Training for Facilitation:
This is offered to both prison inmates
and community participants who are ready to take on a facilitation role. Workshops are held to "Train the Facilitator".
Participants learn the processes of AVP facilitation through actually facilitating
sessions of a Basic workshop with their peers as participants. Experienced AVP
facilitators act as coaches and overseers throughout.
The attributes and skills that AVP expects of
its facilitators rest not in areas of theory, expertise, or professional credentials,
but rather in sincere preparedness to be open, non-judgemental and inclusive,
self-disclosing and non-defensive in attitude, and to be committed to a personal
awareness of the ways AVP practices and principles may help one personally grow towards a life of nonviolence.
What does AVP cost???
fees are negotiable, to make AVP workshops acessible to anyone who wants
to do one or who would benefit from AVP. AVP is a not-for-profit volunteer
organisation and all monies go to the running costs of the workshop program.
Prison workshops are run at no charge to inmates. Workshop fees vary from
group to group. A concession is available to those of limited means, while
those with higher incomes and those doing AVP for professional development
are encouraged to pay a higher fee. Current fee scales for each AVP group
can be found with their workshop date calendars.
Describing AVP - in a nutshell:
AVP organisation and practices are
- No educational or professional expertise or credentials
are required; AVP facilitators come from all walks of life, cultural and religious
(or non-religious) backgrounds. Anybody, at any time, may participate in an
- AVP belongs to whoever does AVP, anywhere in the
world, inside or outside of prison walls. AVP has no guru or leader, no headquarters.
While AVP principles are understood world-wide, what constitutes AVP evolves
through a process of consensus and experimentation. Organisational policy is
determined on a regional basis and serves to nurture and support AVP principles.
- Occasionally an honorarium may be given to someone
to carry out essential co-ordination and administrative AVP work which the facilitators
(all volunteers) have no time or energy to do. In general, however, all AVP
work is completely voluntary and unpaid. This is one of the great strengths
of AVP, as not only does this help build trust, but it is an example of how
things of real value are beyond price. Just as AVP facilitators are volunteers,
so too are participants. It is good to know that everyone in an AVP workshop
is there because they really want to be there, and not because someone else
feels they should be!
- AVP keeps carefully independent of governmental, political,
financial or religious bodies. AVP self-funds, community workshop fees paying
for the prison workshops. Occasionally maintenance-funding may be sought from
charitable institutions or a prison in an isolated area may cover facilitators'
petrol and accommodation costs. Sometimes AVP facilitators personally self-fund.
- AVP, as an organisation, exists solely to present
AVP workshops in prisons and in communities; all monies received go into sustaining this work.
- AVP is careful not to provide "therapy",
or "counselling" in the workshops; a professional therapist or counsellor
may therefore not immediately have the team skills to fit them for appropriate
AVP facilitation, which also provides role-modelling of nonviolent alternatives.
AVP provides this appropriate training through Train the Facilitator workshops,
through apprenticeship facilitation, through periodic training days, and through
the ongoing process of "team building" whereby community is built
and maintained through the constant daily practice of AVP practices and principles
AVP is for those committed to nonviolence,
or disturbed by the level of violence in the world or in themselves. It presents
alternative ways to respond to the world and it succeeds because it builds communities and nourishes souls.
summary of AVP is adapted from a summary developed by AVP Victoria.